Pristine nature, imposing mountain panoramas, incomparable light and mythic characters from legends and fairy tales: Mankind has always been fascinated by the mountains which inspire a longing for peaceful and idyllic nature, especially in stressed-out city dwellers. Mountain landscapes also attracted researchers who studied their unusual flora and fauna. Those with health problems came to convalesce. Soon enough, the Alps also developed into a major sport destination. British tourists in the mid-19th century were among the first to flock to the Alps. The railways built during these pioneering times provided access to remote places. The hotels which were constructed to accommodate the new guests were part of a new type of architecture.